Summary of “The ‘Energy Transition’ Won’t Happen”

Article: The ‘Energy Transition’ Won’t Happen, by Mark P. Mills
By Hollis Chin, VP Marketing, GreenFire Energy Inc.

In the midst of rapid technological advancements, one truth has emerged as an iron law of our universe: foundational innovations, when adopted at scale, invariably lead to a massive surge in energy consumption. This reality is starkly evident as we navigate through the current technological landscape, dominated by electric vehicles (EVs), repatriated manufacturing, and the explosive growth of artificial intelligence (AI). As we strive for a more sustainable future, understanding and addressing the energy demands of these innovations is crucial.

The Electric Vehicle Surge

Electric vehicles, once a niche market, are becoming increasingly mainstream. Advocates envision a future where every household has an EV in the garage. However, this vision comes with significant implications for energy consumption. If every home in America were to adopt an EV, residential electricity demand would nearly double. This increase poses a substantial challenge for our current power infrastructure, which must evolve to meet these heightened demands.

Repatriated Manufacturing: A Double-Edged Sword

The drive to bring manufacturing back to the United States, especially in critical sectors like semiconductor production, is seen as a pivotal step for economic and national security. This shift, however, is not without its energy costs. Restoring America’s share of global manufacturing to levels seen two decades ago would lead to a 50% rise in industrial electricity consumption. As policymakers champion this foundational innovation, the energy infrastructure must be prepared to support the resulting surge in power needs.

The AI Revolution and Its Energy Appetite

Perhaps the most striking example of the energy-consumption conundrum lies in the realm of AI. The AI boom, characterized by the deployment of power-hungry AI chips, has sparked an insatiable demand for electricity. Nvidia, a leader in AI chip production, has shipped millions of high-power AI chips in recent years. Each chip consumes as much electricity annually as three electric vehicles. Unlike the EV market, the demand for AI chips shows no signs of plateauing, driven by their myriad applications and the ever-growing appetite for computational power.

Data Centers: The Heart of the Digital Economy

At the heart of this energy dilemma are data centers—the powerhouses of the digital economy. These facilities, packed with computing hardware, are central to the operations of cloud services and AI applications. The energy demands of data centers are staggering, often surpassing those of traditional industrial facilities like steel mills. The addition of AI chips only exacerbates this trend, significantly increasing power consumption.

The Energy Transition Paradox

The rise in electricity demand comes at a time when there is a strong regulatory push toward renewable energy sources like wind and solar. While these sources are essential for a sustainable future, they are not yet as reliable or scalable as traditional power plants. This creates a paradox where the need for consistent, 24/7 power is growing just as we are shifting away from conventional energy sources. The friction between the energy needs of an AI-driven future and the limitations of current renewable energy technologies is a pressing issue.

We must recognize that the digital economy, driven by data and AI, is vital for economic growth and global competitiveness and that ensuring a stable and abundant energy supply is paramount. The challenge is to provide far more electricity than forecast a a year ago and to provide both inexpensive and available energy soon. The goal should be to create an energy infrastructure capable of supporting the rapid pace of technological innovation.


The iron law of energy consumption underscores a critical reality: technological progress and energy use are intrinsically linked. As we continue to innovate and push the boundaries of what is possible, our energy infrastructure must keep pace. By acknowledging the energy demands of our digital future and planning accordingly, we can ensure that innovation continues to thrive without compromising on sustainability. The journey toward a balanced and resilient energy future is complex, but with thoughtful planning and investment, it is within reach.

Read the full article, The Energy Transition Won’t Happen.