U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)
The DOE is a Cabinet-level department of the Federal government that is responsible for more research in the physical sciences than any other Federal agency; much of this research is conducted by the 17 National Laboratories. In 2010, GreenFire was awarded a $2.0 million grant announced by former Secretary of Energy and Nobel Laureate Steven Chu  (DE-EE-0004432) through the DOE Geothermal Technologies Program (GTP) to partially fund a demonstration of CO2G™ technology.
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL)
LBNL, with its 4200 employees and $850 million budget, is one of the world’s best-known centers of high-energy physics. In addition, LBNL has a center for mathematical modeling that has produced the most complete set of models for CO2-based EGS in the world, as well as the industry-standard method of calculating projected energy costs for geothermal projects. LBNL is a subcontractor to GreenFire for calculations related to Phase II of GreenFire’s DOE-funded work. In addition, GreenFire has made extensive use of the modeling by LBNL’s Karsten Pruess and Tianfu Xu, who predicted and quantified the superior properties of CO2 for geothermal energy.
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL)
LLNL is advancing our nation's security by innovating science and technology solutions to improve national energy security and surety while reducing environmental impact
Laboratory scientists and engineers are working nonstop to identify key elements, opportunities and challenges in an evolving energy landscape. This landscape includes:
Adding significant amounts of intermittent renewable energy and loads, which creates new challenges in economics and in maintaining a reliable electric grid.
Lawrence Livermore's goals are to provide science and technology solutions to:
Secure Energy -- Increase security and supply of U.S. energy resources, while minimizing environmental impacts and reducing costs.
Reliable Delivery -- Ensure secure, safe, and reliable delivery of U.S. energy resources across transmission and distribution networks.
Climate Resilience -- Predict and understand climate change security challenges and develop solutions for future adaptation.
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL)
The Energy and Environment Directorate at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) views the country's energy predicament and the environment as inextricably linked, and is convinced that there can be no energy solutions without associated environmental solutions. Working from this perspective, the organization of more than 1,000 staff applies an impressive portfolio of scientific and technical capabilities to invent a better future for America and the world.
PNNL focuses on these technical capabilities: electric infrastructure, clean fossil energy, energy efficiency and renewable energy, environment health and remediation, and nuclear energy.
 US Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy grant to GreenFire announced by Secretary of Energy and Nobel Laureate Steven Chu, September, 2010; http://apps1.eere.energy.gov/news/progress_alerts.cfm/pa_id=401;http://www.nytimes.com/gwire/2010/02/11/11greenwire-ariz-nm-border-region-targeted-for-co2-based-g-19188.htmo?pagewanted=all